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Scalar queries

The most basic SQL query is to get a list of scalars (values).

sess.createSQLQuery("SELECT * FROM CATS").list(); sess.createSQLQuery("SELECT ID, NAME, BIRTHDATE FROM CATS").list(); 

These will return a List of Object arrays (Object[]) with scalar values for each column in the CATS table. Hibernate will use ResultSetMetadata to deduce the actual order and types of the returned scalar values.

To avoid the overhead of using ResultSetMetadata, or simply to be more explicit in what is returned, one can use addScalar():

sess.createSQLQuery("SELECT * FROM CATS") .addScalar("ID", Hibernate.LONG) .addScalar("NAME", Hibernate.STRING) .addScalar("BIRTHDATE", Hibernate.DATE) 

This query specified:

This will return Object arrays, but now it will not use ResultSetMetadata but will instead explicitly get the ID, NAME and BIRTHDATE column as respectively a Long, String and a Short from the underlying resultset. This also means that only these three columns will be returned, even though the query is using * and could return more than the three listed columns.

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